Roadworthiness testing contribution to vehicle safety and environmentDaniele D'Onofrio
The study “Roadworthiness testing contribution to vehicle safety and environment”, conducted by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) for AECA-ITV, whose objective is to assess precisely the damages that, in the form of accidents, injuries and fatalities, avoid the technical inspection of vehicles to society.
According to this study (data from 2016) ITV stations avoid 133 fatalities a year, about 12,100 injured people of different types and at least 17,700 traffic accidents. If the total of the vehicles that do not attend mandatory inspections had done so, at least 8,800 accidents, more than 7,000 injured and 81 additional deaths could have been prevented.
As far as environmental protection is concerned, the report includes an emission study according to which the premature deaths avoided by the ITV due to exposure to atmospheric pollutants are around 406 per year. If all the cars had passed the ITV, about 80 additional premature deaths could have been prevented.
AECA-ITV estimates that 2.6 million cars circulate with the ITV expired: a high degree of absenteeism.